Understanding What Medical Coding Is All About
Turning medical reports into a set of codes that's what medical coding is. In medical claims, these codes make a crucial part. Diagnoses, a prescription and any procedures performed on a patient by a doctor is what the doctors report could be. Ensuring proper classification of diagnoses and medical procedures, medical coding is essential. The purpose of these diagnostic codes apart from helping in insurance claims is keeping track of contagious and common diseases. Procedure coding you can
helps to keep track of the mode of treatment provided.
Medical coding helps in diagnostic request forms and reimbursement forms of insurance claims. Also, they are used in research and statistical purposes. Medical coding ensures that there is uniform documentation of a patient's health history between medical facilities. This might be a result of the patient having been referred to another hospital or having moved to another region. This uniform documentation ensures for efficient research and analysis. The government and health agencies use this to effectively and efficiently keep track of health trends. Medical coding also makes it possible for efficient transfer of huge amounts of information and data, for instance, from a system loaded with data.
Codes that are used are of different types but the most commonly used are ICD and CPT. International Classification of Diseases codes is what ICD stands for. The problem that a patient was found to have and diagnoses is what they help in identifying. CPT on the other hand stands for Current Procedural Terminology codes. To code everything from a visit to the doctor to more complicated matters such as brain surgery they are used. To represent the diagnoses from the doctor and the condition of the patient, ICD codes are used. CPT is divided into six ranges which correspond to major medical fields. Included in these medical fields are; anesthesia, surgery, evaluation and management, radiology, pathology and laboratory and medicine.
There is also ambulance and emergency medicine coding in the practice of medicine. It requires a totally unique set of codes because it is a specialty on its own. These codes for physicians or hospital services are not used. The documentation and coding requirements for medical and ambulance coding are different from each other. For the production of an accurate and compliant claim, the
certified ambulance coder
must take into account conditions. In this case, condition codes must be used. The condition of the patient is considered in coding since it is beyond their scope to render a diagnosis and only a physician can do that. The patient might have died between the dispatch of the ambulance and its arrival. Ambulance coding uses condition codes while medical coding uses evaluation and management codes.